MBBS Course details

About MBBS

MBBS degree or Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery also described as BMBS, an abbreviation of the Latin word which is Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. This is a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery degree program. The first two advanced and professional undergraduate medical degrees are a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is probably one of the topmost degrees in the world and therefore by profession, after completing an MBBS from a top medical college, an individual is officially transformed into a medical professional.

There are over 1800 MBBS colleges in India, a mixture of public and private medical schools that offer the MBBS program. MBBS tuition varies greatly depending on the type of institution; traditionally, private MBBS colleges are more expensive than public institutions. The top medical schools in India include AIIMS New Delhi, JIPMER, PGIMER, and NIMHANS, among others.

After completing their course, students can pursue various specializations, including an MS or MD degree, an M.P.H., a DNB, an international education, CMS, or work as a doctor in the Indian Defense sector. They can also pursue an MBA in the medical field or continue clinical work.

MBBS Overview

Course Duration 4.5 year academic + 1 year internship
Eligibility 10+2 with physics, chemistry, biology
Entrance Exam NEET

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Why MBBS?

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is referred to as MBBS. Due to the fact that admissions are granted based on NEET exam rank, it is a very competitive programme. Every year, thousands of students take the NEET exam to get admitted to MBBS programmes. To prepare for the NEET exam and gain admission to renowned medical institutes in India, many students skip a year of school.

When students get the necessary admissions scores, they must show up for the NEET counselling process. Numerous chances for a medical profession in the healthcare sector are made available by successfully completing an MBBS. After successfully completing an MBBS programme, candidates may choose to pursue an MS, MD, or DNB in any associated specialisation. They can choose from a variety of professions like oncologist, general surgeon, endocrinologist, pathologist, neurologist, and physician.

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

Candidates must be eligible to get a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS degree. Candidates should also be aware of the fundamental prerequisites, such as course comprehension, for pursuing a bachelor’s degree in medicine or a bachelor’s degree in surgery. The following criteria must be met by applicants in order to be considered for MBBS admission:

  • Students should have passed the 10+2 exam with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  • For admission via the All India Entrance Exam, the student must be an Indian national (NEET).
  • Student must be 17 or older as of December 31 of the admissions year.

MBBS Course Curriculam

The MBBS curriculum is highly extensive and thoroughly covers the fundamental ideas of both medicine and surgery. The curriculum is created to provide in-depth knowledge on a variety of medically related topics and provide students with skills necessary for success in the area of medicine.

Pre-Clinical: Pre-clinical studies are the first two semesters of an MBBS degree programme. It covers topics such as anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, and biophysics, among others. The majority of the foundational ideas and principles of the healthcare field are covered in the introduction phase, which will assist you in starting your intense study process. To proceed to the second phase of the degree, you must pass the first pre-clinical phase.

The para-clinical level, which lasts for three semesters, is the next stage of the degree programme. Community medicine, forensic medicine, pathology, pharmacology, microbiology, clinical posts, OPDs, and other topics are taught at this level.

Clinical: The clinical phase is the last academic component of the MBBS curriculum. From the fifth to the ninth semesters of this level, the main emphasis is on learning about the speciality in both medicine and surgery. In the clinical portion of the MBBS programme, allied medical fields like psychiatry, dermatology, obstetrics & gynaecology, and paediatrics are taught. In addition, it covers surgery-related topics like anaesthesia, ENT, ophthalmology, and orthopaedics.

Internship: The clinical phase concludes the degree’s theoretical component and is followed by the required internship course. It gives students a place to practise the skills they have acquired. A one-year internship is followed by awarding the MBBS degree to the students. You work as an apprentice to a senior physician in a hospital under the supervision of your boss, learning the practical applications of many specialities such as medicine, surgery, paediatrics, gynaecology, etc.

MBBS Course Structure

Pre Clinical Semester 1 – 2Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology
Para ClinicalSemester 3 – 5Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings, OPDs
ClinicalSemester 6 – 9 Community medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Surgery, and allied subjects, Clinical postings

12 months rotary internship Schedule

Nature of PostingDepartment / SpecialtyDurationRemarks
Mandatory ExclusiveCommunity Medicine12 weeks(a) Postings should be in Community Health Centres (CHC)/ Rural Health Centre (RHC) with rotation of: (i) 3 weeks- General Surgery (ii) 3 weeks- General Medicine (iii) 3 weeks- Obstetrics and Gynaecology (iv) 3 weeks- Community Medicine (b) Not more than 15 interns at any given time in one centre (c) As provided in the Minimum Requirements for Annual MBBS Admissions Regulations (2020) section A.1.14 related to Community Medicine must be followed.
Mandatory ExclusiveGeneral Medicine6 weeksIncludes postings in out- patient, in-patient wards and admission day emergency and exposure to High Dependency Units (HDU) and Intensive Care Units (ICU)
Mandatory ExclusivePsychiatry2 weeksPredominantly Out-patient postings with exposure to handling emergencies
Mandatory ExclusivePediatrics3 weeksIncludes postings in Out- patient, In-patient wards and Admission Day Emergency postings and exposure to Neonatal or Pediatric High Dependency and Intensive Care Units (HDU/NICU/PICU)
Mandatory ExclusiveGeneral Surgery6 weeksIncludes postings in Out- patient, In-patient wards, Admission Day Emergency and both Minor and Major Operation Theatres and exposure to High Dependency Units (HDUs) and Intensive Care Units (ICUs)
Mandatory ExclusiveAnesthesiology and Critical Care2 weeksIncludes postings in Operation Theatre, Intensive Care Units, Basic Life Support (BSL) training and additionally Pain Clinic and Palliative Care, if available
Mandatory ExclusiveObstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Welfare and Planning7 weeksIncludes postings in Out- patient, In-patient wards, Admission Day Emergency, Labour Room and Operation Theatres and exposure to High Dependency Units (HDU), Intensive Care Units (ICU)and Family Planning methods
Mandatory ExclusiveOrthopaedics including Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R)2 weeksIncludes postings in Out- patient, In-patient, Admission Day Emergency, Plaster Room and Operation Theatres Postings in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) may run concurrent in afternoons/mornings equivalent to 4 half-days (14% of total postings)
Mandatory ExclusiveEmergency/ Trauma/ Casualty2 weeksIncludes postings related to Resuscitation areas, Triage, In-patient wards and Operation Theatre, Basic Life Support as well as exposure to medico-legal procedures
Mandatory ExclusiveForensic Medicine and Toxicology1 weeksIncludes Autopsy postings
Mandatory ExclusiveDermatology, Venereology and Leprology1 weeksPredominantly Out-patient postings with exposure to handling emergencies
Mandatory ExclusiveOtorhinolaryngology2 weeksPredominantly Out-patient postings with exposure to handling emergencies, Minor as well as Major Operation Theatres
Mandatory ExclusiveOphthalmology2 weeksPredominantly Out-patient postings with exposure to handling emergencies, Minor as well as Major Operation Theatres
Electives ExclusiveBroad Specialties Group4 weeks total; 2 weeks minimum• Respiratory Medicine and Directly Observed Treatment Short Course in Tuberculosis (DOTS-TB) Center • Radio diagnosis • Lab Medicine • Geriatric Medicine
Electives ExclusiveIndian Systems of Medicine1 weekMay choose any: • Ayurveda • Yoga • Unani • Siddha • Homeopathy • Sowa Rigpa

Source: NMC official website

Career opportunity after MBBS

Health officers: Doctors who are primarily in charge of clinics are known as medical officers, also known as chief medical officers. These doctors strongly advise their patients in addition to providing medical support, identifying issues, and instructing patients on managing medical diseases and illnesses. One of the top employment opportunities for MBBS graduates in this field. Medical officers are crucial in overseeing patient care and the tasks performed by other medical personnel. They may occasionally be able to actively participate in the treatment when services are first implemented. They may very well support the evaluation and diagnosis of treatment plans and needs for both families and individuals.

Medical Surgeon: The surgeon is responsible for making the patient’s critical diagnoses, performing the surgery, and providing the patient with ongoing medical care and therapy. One of the top post-MBBS career opportunities is surgery. The surgical team leader is frequently considered to be the surgeon. Medical surgeons work to make sure that all of the other leaders of the surgical team collaborate and coordinate, which typically calls for another surgeon or an assistant to the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and nursing personnel in the operating room. They perform operations on patients to improve or restore their health, such as fixing injury issues or preventing depression. They adhere to surgical techniques developed mostly in operating room settings.


General Physician: Graduates with an MBBS degree can start working as general physicians who do patient study, diagnose illnesses, and treat and cure patients. One of the top employment opportunities for MBBS graduates is in this field. When a disease is in its early stages, a doctor normally treats it; but, if it is still dangerous after being diagnosed, the patient may be referred to a specialist. General practitioners are trained medical professionals that offer a range of nonsurgical medical care to older individuals. They treat difficult, urgent, or serious medical conditions and don’t start helping the patient until they’ve dealt with or resolved these complications.

Doctors: Doctors treat patients in a variety of ways, from diagnosing chronic illnesses to recommending specific medical procedures. Even though doctors’ areas of specialty can occasionally diverge greatly, all specialties share the common goal of helping patients discover and treat illnesses and injuries. Sometimes people carry out screening exams, gather medical data, carry out and analyze diagnostic procedures, and offer a course of therapy to accomplish this. Physicians need a different level of knowledge and education, typically requiring a bachelor’s degree, a degree from a medical school, and years of practice.

Pediatrician: A doctor who treats sick children and determines their general health, growth, and development. Pediatricians conduct routine, in-depth testing on infants and young children to test and monitor their health and regular physical performance. They also observe youngsters to assess their health and ask questions to learn more about potential issues. They write prescriptions and give detailed instructions on how to take the medication.

Dietician: Dieticians provide a balanced nutrition plan to promote wellness for patients and the general population. Dietitians put a lot of emphasis on educating people about nutrition and health, which helps individuals stay healthy. People share their opinions and advice about nutrition. To help maintain conditions like food allergies and intolerances, dietitians may also alter diet regimens. They impart knowledge to people and groups about the fundamentals of a healthy diet, how to make the right food choices, and how to control their nutrition to improve their quality of life. They monitor the food service’s operations to make sure that they adhere to the requirements for nutrition, health, cleanliness, and safety.

Specialization after MBBS

MD Specializations: Aerospace Medicine, Anatomy, Anesthesia, Biochemistry, Community medicine, Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy, Family Medicine, Forensic Medicine, General Medicine, Geriatrics, Health Administration, Hospital Administration, Immunohaematology, Microbiology, Nuclear medicine, Pediatrics, Pathology, Pharmacology, Psychiatry, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Physiology, Pulmonary medicine, Radiodiagnosis, Radiotherapy, Sports Medicine, Tropical Medicine.


MS Specializations: ENT, General Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics


Diploma Specializations: Anesthesia, Clinical Pathology, DVL, ENT, Health Education, Immunohaematology, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Occupational Health, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Pulmonary medicine, Radio-diagnosis, Radiation Medicine, Sports Medicine, Tropical medicine